How to guarantee a fair sharing of water resources that rarefy, so that every country reaches an equitable sustainable development, and therefore favor social and human well-being.
How to help most access a fair and equitable development, facing current persistent discriminations.
These two questions were the issues which the delegates of the Human Rights Committee had to discuss and debate during the MFGNU 2020 conference, in Grenoble.
Friday 14 February, the delegates of the various member states were gathered, in groups, lobbying about resolutions and clauses to debate. They worked on proposing solutions that they discussed and ultimately agreed on. Each delegate had to defend his or her government’s stand. To do so, they had to discuss clause after clause, amend some, when necessary, and vote in favour or against the clause, depending on its government believes, political opinion, etc. The majority wins.
In 2020, most member states agree on the fact that quality of water is a problem that concerns everyone and needs to be solved, in different ways. Such solutions as desalination, contributions from the richest member states, specific fundings, dedicated research are on the table amongst others. However, political and social tensions between member states and/or NGOs might interfere in the debates and thus impact the votes to come.
In the MFGNU Conference, clauses were proposed, discussed and voted by the different groups to solve problems of discrimination. Agreements to prevent all kinds of discrimination such as discrimination at work, at school gender and religious inequalities were to be found by the various member states represented in the committee. Such projects as the Brazilian programs “Fome Zero” and “Bolsa Familia” were suggested. Acknowledging and protecting minorities in the various member states by raising awareness campaigns and by investing and communicating were on the table.
The next day, Saturday 15 February, after a couple hours lobbying, the debates began. Delegations submitted resolutions that were discussed, amended some clauses, and the committee ultimately voted to pass (or not) resolutions.
In the morning, the delegate of Congo proposed an amendment to encourage the MEDC’s (developed countries) to each pass domestic laws taxing and fining citizens on the liters of water excessively consumed. The funds collected would go to the LEDC’s (less developed countries) in need.
Another amendment was submitted by Columbia to encourage limiting the consumption of water to a reasonable amount for agriculture and industrial sectors by cubic meterage. After a debate between Mexico’s delegates and U.S. ‘s and Colombia, the amendment was voted to pass.
The following amendment was submitted by the delegates of South-Africa and passed without any contest. Encouraging more MEDC’s to aid member states suffering higher mortality rates due to poor water quality by financing the creation of water-treatment plants.
The debates continued on Sunday 16 February. We hope the delegates of the different countries have come to inspiring agreements to solve the issues of water and discriminations. Well done!
BIGOT Justine et Irmak